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Myeongdong Cathedral


2017-11-03 오후 4:13:47



    Myeongdong Cathedral, as the oldest church in Korea, is a representative Gothic style building. The house of Yun Jeong-hyeon (Minister of Interior of the Joseon Dynasty, 1793~1874) was originally situated in the area of Jonghyeon (Bell hill) at Myeongdong Cathedral. Bishop of Korea, Marie Jean Gustave Blanc, sought land to build an education center (Jonghyeon Schoolhouse) and under the Korean name Kim Gi-mil, bought the land where the house of the first Korean martyr Kim Beom-u (1751~1787) was situated. Later, although there was a conflict over the land with the Joseon Dynasty, it was settled in 1890 (the 27th year of the reign of King Gojong) and the construction of the church was carried out. The 8th Bishop of Korea, Gustave Charles Mariel, held the ceremony of laying the first stone on August 5, 1892, and Priest Eugene Joan George Coste was responsible for the design and surveillance of the construction of the church. However, as Priest Coste died in February 1896, Priest Victor Louis Poisnel carried on the work and the church was completed in 1898. The statue of Saint Andrew Kim Tae-gon (1821~1846) is erected in the yard of Myeongdong Cathedral. Furthermore, Korea’s first pipe organ was installed in the choir stalls. The name of the church was changed from the Jonghyeon Cathedral to the Myeongdong Cathedral after the Independence of Korea in 1945. Also, Myeongdong Cathedral played an important role during the course of the movement for democracy in Korea. The church became the background of significant historic moments in Korea that were involved with the Catholic Priests Association for Justice (CPAJ)’s the movement for recovery of human rights and referendum boycott (1975), the March 1st Democracy Save-the-nation Proclamation (March 1976), the rally after the torture and death of university student Park Jong-cheol (1976), and some 600 student-led protesters’ hunger strike in 1987 when total of 127 times of demonstrations against the government took place at Myeongdong Cathedral. Myeongdong Cathedral was designated as Historic Site No. 258 on November 22, 1977


  • location 74, Myeongdong-gil, Jung-gu, Seoul (1-1, Myeong-dong 2-ga)


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